According to the World Health Organisation Coronavirus disease or COVID-19 as otherwise known is an infectious disease caused by a novel coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. What is Covid-19? According to the World Health Organisation Coronavirus disease or COVID-19 as otherwise known is an infectious disease caused by a novel coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. COVID-19 is now a pandemic affecting many countries globally. What are coronaviruses? Corona viruses are a family of viruses that can cause illness in humans or animals. Coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections in human ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease is named COVID-19. Symptoms of Corona virus Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer could develop serious illness. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Other less common symptoms that some patients will exhibit are aches and pains, nasal congestion, headache, conjunctivitis, sore throat, diarrhea, loss of taste or smell or a rash on skin or discoloration of fingers or toes. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some infected people will only have very mild symptoms. Around 80% of the infected people will recover from the disease without needing hospital treatment but 1 in 5 people who gets COVID-19 will become seriously ill and develops difficulty in breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart and lung problems, diabetes, or cancer, are at higher risk of developing serious illness. Anyone however can catch COVID-19 and become seriously ill. People of all ages who experience fever and/or cough associated withdifficulty breathing/shortness of breath, chest pain/pressure, or loss of speech or movement should seek medical attention immediately. If possible, it is recommended to call the health care provider or facility first, so the patient can be directed to the right clinic. What to do if you have symptoms of corona virus. If you have minor symptoms, such as a slight cough or a mild fever, there is generally no need to seek medical care. Stay at home, self-isolate and monitor your symptoms. Follow national guidance on self-isolation. However, if you live in an area with malaria or dengue fever it is important that you do not ignore symptoms of fever. Seek medical help. When you attend the health facility wear a mask if possible, keep at least 1 metre distance from other people and do not touch surfaces with your hands. If it is a child who is sick help the child stick to this advice. Seek immediate medical care if you have difficulty breathing or pain/pressure in the chest. If possible, call your health care provider in advance, so he/she can direct you to the right health facility. How is the corona virus spread? People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease spreads primarily from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth, which are expelled when a person with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes, or speaks. These droplets are relatively heavy, do not travel far and quickly sink to the ground. People can catch COVID-19 if they breathe in these droplets from a person infected with the virus. This is why it is important to stay at least 1 meter) away from others. These droplets can land on objects and surfaces around the person such as tables, doorknobs and handrails. People can become infected by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. This is why it is important to wash your hands regularly with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand rub and disinfect surfaces with products such as antiviral sprays that kill corona virus in contact. WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways that COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share updated findings. Treatment of Conona virus At the moment there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. Medical treatment consists of treating the symptoms of corona virus. There are however many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face. The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow). Precautions As there is no vaccine or treatment for corona virus so precaustion to stop the spread of infection is important. Practicing hand and respiratory hygiene is important at ALL times and is the best way to protect others and yourself . When possible maintain at least a 1 meter distance between yourself and others. This is especially important if you are standing by someone who is coughing or sneezing. Since some infected persons may not yet be exhibiting symptoms or their symptoms may be mild, maintaining a physical distance with everyone is a good idea if you are in an area where COVID-19 is circulating. The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to: •Clean your hands frequently and thoroughly •Avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose •Cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue. If a tissue is used, discard it immediately and wash your hands. •Maintain a distance of at least 1 metre from others. Clean and disinfect •Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily with this antiviral and antibacterial spray that kills corona virus. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks. •If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection. •Then, use a household disinfectant. Most common EPA-registered household disinfectantsexternal icon will work. How long does the virus survive on surfaces? The most important thing to know about coronavirus on surfaces is that they can easily be cleaned with common household disinfectants that will kill the virus. Studies have shown that the COVID-19 virus can survive for up to 72 hours on plastic and stainless steel, less than 4 hours on copper and less than 24 hours on cardboard. As, always clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose. How do I know if i had Covid? The best wait to find out if you have Covid is by being tested for it. You can have your tests through NHS or you can have a private covid-19 test through a private healthcare provider. There are various tests such as the swab test and the antibody test. You might also need one of these if you are planning to travel abroad and need a fit to fly covid test certificate.